As a child, I can recall my parents watching news media coverage of the bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City in 1995. Later, I observed the events of September 11, 2001, unfold on television. I vividly remember the news anchor announcing that the station would neither show people jumping from the World Trade Center before their collapse nor the collapse of the Towers. These two events cemented my interest in criminal and violent sub-state groups.  While I am broadly interested in Terrorism and Political Violence, I have two specific focuses.

My first interest is the study of law enforcement policy and practice. Law enforcement officers have a significant duty to upholding the criminal laws of their jurisdictions. In doing so, I strive to complete rigorous works that improve the agency's effectiveness and efficiency, with a focus on transparency, accountability, and accessibility. I've performed significant work on model use of force policies, independent oversight of law enforcement, and leveraging quantitative data to improve law enforcement functions and policy.

My second interest is the study of political violence and extremism. In particular, I study organizations that employ flat and/or decentralized leadership structures.  In particular, I study Far-Right ideological groups and individuals. My research works to provide greater context for their existence and explore their modern manifestations. One project I wish to pursue in the future is the interactions of law enforcement officers and political extremists. Political extremists are likely to interact with members of law enforcement.  As a result, I want to understand the process of these interactions and provide guidance on how to efficiently deal with political extremists. I am also interested in how law enforcement officers address issues such as bias-motivated crime, corruption, and how an officer's perception of threat changes during officer-public interactions.

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